Saponarius got its Latin name from the word “sapo” - soap. The people call it dog soap, soap grass, soap root, clean oil, soap soap, which fully reflects old use. Saponins, found in large quantities in the roots, form alkaline foam in water. The root and rhizomes of saponarias are called “red soap roots”.
The genus Saponarius is included in the family of Cloves. About thirty of its species grows in Europe and Asia. White, pink, rarely yellow flowers are collected in capitate or paniculate inflorescences.
The most known to us is the honeydew herb, which grows wild in the river valleys, on the edges, in the wastelands. She is a frequent guest on rural farmsteads, where she is welcome - especially for the evening fragrance. Flowering long: from June to September. If after the first wave of flowering the stems are cut by two-thirds, the soapworm will bloom profusely after some time.
In floriculture, besides myelnanka medicinal, mylnyanka basiliculiferous is widespread - a low, evergreen, ground-cover plant. In the wild, it is found in southern and central Europe along the slopes of mountains, in stony areas, in pine forests. In culture, this species is unpretentious, feels great on sunny fertile areas. Stagnant moisture does not like. Drought-resistant enough, but in the dry season it is better to water to preserve the decorative effect.
Pests avoid the blueberry basilicoliferous, diseases also bypass it. If it freezes out in harsh winters, it is quickly restored by crumbled seeds, which are perfectly preserved in the soil until spring.
The flowers are fragrant, pink, red, rarely white, revealed in early summer. If, after flowering, the stems are cut to 5 cm, then in August-September a second wave of flowering will occur. You can propagate by seed, dividing the bush, cuttings.
Mylnyanka basiliculata well suited for stony areas, fixing the sunny slopes, curbs. Its neighbors may be saxifrage, sage, spade, sunflower, bluebell.
Other ornamental species are used in culture, such as:
- Mylnyanka Olivana - a low plant, up to 5 cm, forms dense pads, pink and purple flowers adorn them in June and July;
- Mylnyanka Lemperji - up to 40 cm, has arcuate shoots, red-orange flowers open in July-August;
- Mylynyanka yellow - 5−15 cm tall, pale yellow flowers.
In folk medicine, soap root is used as an excellent expectorant, diaphoretic, diuretic, blood-purifying, anthelmintic, for diseases of the joints and skin. The roots are dug in early spring or late autumn, washed and dried.
Saponariya is a toxic plant, it can be used for treatment only after consulting with your doctor. If seeds are swallowed, poisoning occurs.
I think it is more interesting to try the soap root as a raw material for the preparation of natural shampoos. The use of shampoo, brewed on the basis of the root of mylnyanki, will make your hair more alive, soft, manageable, improve their growth and stop excessive hair loss.
So, we take 30−50 g of soap root, grind, pour clean boiling water, tightly close, wrap and leave for several hours. After that bring to a boil and boil on low heat for about 15 minutes. Remove from heat, add herbs suitable for your hair type, close, insist forty minutes. Then we filter and use. This shampoo can be stored in the refrigerator for a week. You can add a teaspoon of jojoba oil and 15–20 drops of your favorite essential oil to the finished decoction.